According to an analysis conducted by PetFoodRecall, the incidence of Salmonella product recoveries in pet food increased from 64.2 to 67.8% from 2013 to 2014, although the number of total recoveries was lower. This tendency is worrisome since pet food is commonly handled by the owners without taking into consideration any type of hygiene measure, especially washing of hands after their manipulation and washing of surfaces with which it was in contact being then a possible focus of infection for humans as well.
Salmonella is a pathogenic microorganism that can cause serious infections that can be fatal for children and elderly. It can also affect animals that consume contaminated products by making them lethargic, with diarrhea, bloody diarrhea, fever, vomiting, decreased appetite and abdominal pain. Infected animals without symptoms are carriers and can infect other animals and people.
A recent case is the voluntary recovery of approximately 1000 kg of OC RawDog raw turkey formula for dogs being potentially contaminated with Salmonella as detected by a routine sampling from the Nebraska Department of Food and Agriculture and the recovery was in January with 2 lots of brand Oma'spridePurr Brand. In February, 6 lots of the brand Nutrisca and 1 lot (1500 Units) of the brand Pet International Inc, all contaminated with Salmonella.
Another recent case is that recently reported by the company Stella & Chewy's of lyophilized chicken dog food contaminated with Listeria monocytogenes detected by the Maryland Department of Agriculture (MDA), without reports of disease in humans or animals by the The company made the voluntary recovery of others of its potentially contaminated products (21 in total).
Listeria monocytogenes causes an infection whose symptoms include vomiting, nausea, persistent fever, confusion, loss of balance, muscle pain, severe migraine, and in severe cases death. The risk groups are predominantly pregnant women, elderly and immunosuppressed persons, the first being the most delicate because it can lead to premature labor, neonatal infection or fetal death and infected animals may present symptoms similar to those described.
Apparently the source of contamination was subsequent to the treatment of High Pressure Process (HPP) which has been demonstrated by studies that inactivate Listeria, however the company is performing the root-cause analyzes to determine the origin and take necessary measures, The microorganism is routinely sampled in the environment because it is a ubiquitous bacterium and is commonly found in healthy domestic animals, raw products such as lettuce, spinach, meats, poultry, etc.
The most recent case is the recovery of frozen product for dog from the Vital Essentials brand because the FDA detected Listeria in two lots and although the infection rarely causes disease in dogs, the risk is for the people who manipulate said food for That pet food producers must be aware of the sanitary quality of their products given the high economic impact of product recovery.
For more information on pet food incidents, visit: http://www.petfoodrecall.org